India and its Open Defecation Problem: Will 12 Million Toilets Suffice as Solutions?

Open defecation has been a long standing problem in India because millions live in homes without toilets, which cause contagious diseases to spread easily. In 2014, when Prime Minister Narendra Modi came into power, his government launched the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM). The program aimed to make the country open defecation free (ODF) in 2019, by constructing and installing an estimated 12 million toilets.

Although health and sanitation experts reported in 2019 that India has become 100 percent Open Defecation Free, there are certain gaps that still expose people in both rural and urban areas to the threats of communicable diseases like typhoid, cholera and lately, COVID-19.

Apparently, the failures in the implementation of the ODF program are mostly concerned with the operations and maintenance of the toilets, to keep them safe and hygienic.

Why the 12 Million Toilets are Not Sufficient as ODF Solutions

Based on a 2019 report released by the World Health Organization under the program for Joint Monitoring of Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene, about 15% of India’s 14 billion population, continue to defecate in the open .

Safe containment and sanitary transport in connection with the disposal of septage and fecal sludge is yet to be addressed with proper solutions. There is also the matter of black and untreated gray water discharges running off into bodies of water in municipalities.

The Director of New Delhi’s Environment and Waste Management Division, Suneel Pandey said that because of those reasons, most of the constructed toilets are not in use. Pandey asserts that these implementation gaps must be addressed to achieve 100% usage of toilets.

Pandey added that most men in rural areas who still defecate in open spaces, do so as cultural inclinations. The opposite is true for women in rural areas, who shifted to toilet usage because they feel safer, if compared to defecating in the open.

The threats posed by open defecation stem from the fact that fecal wastes discharged by both humans and animals carry large amounts of pathogens. The deposits of fecal wastes become massive reservoirs of microorganisms in the forms of parasites, viruses and bacteria. These can all cause gastrointestinal infections that can spread, because diseases like cholera, typhoid and coronavirus are highly transmissible.

A report published by the Coalition Against Typhoid stated that typhoid is a disease endemic to India as the country records as many as 4.8 million cases of typhoid each year. A typhoid strain identified as quinolone-resistant has accordingly spread in India. The known treatment options are third generation generic medicines azithromycin or ceftriaxone.

Can Generic Drugs Help Address Problems Posed by Contagious Diseases

Apparently, the availability and affordability of generic medicines across India has helped in preventing typhoid outbreak in rural India. However, if the parasites are ingested by children, they result to malnutrition and eventually to stunted growth. PM Modi’s government made generic drugs a mandatory treatment to ensure the low cost of medicines.

Sale and distribution of generic medicines in India are coursed through private pharma franchise companies like Vivaceutical: #1 PCD Pharma Franchise Company In India. Indian nationals looking to operate a generic drugstore business can get in touch with the company in order to find a pharma franchise deal.

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Testosterone Deficiency: How Many Men Are Affected?

By far not every older man is affected by a real testosterone deficiency with the corresponding symptoms. According to the EAU guideline on male hypogonadism from 2018, only up to ten percent of all men between the ages of 40 and 79 have a testosterone deficiency. Only up to six percent of men in this age group complain about clear symptoms.

How does testosterone work in men?

Testosterone is a sex hormone and the most important hormone in men. Because testosterone is responsible for the development of the male sexual organs and ensures the typical male physique with increased muscles, a deep voice, beard growth, and body hair. Testosterone also controls sexual interest and fertility and is involved in a number of other important processes in the body.

Women also produce some testosterone in the adrenal glands, but to a much lesser extent. In men, testosterone production occurs mainly in the Leydig cells in the testicles, but also to a lesser extent in the adrenal glands. It is controlled by the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland. These brain areas release so-called gonadotropin-releasing hormones, which indirectly trigger testosterone production, especially at night and early in the morning. Therefore, adrenal fatigue can also be the reason for a testosterone deficiency.

Men with low testosterone levels – should they be taking top rated testosterone supplements? Testosterone supplements are often taken by men with low testosterone levels to increase their levels of this hormone. However, if you don’t have as much testosterone as you need, these supplements might be harmful. They should only be taken if your doctor recommends them and has tested your T levels.

What testosterone levels are normal?

Testosterone levels vary from man to man, changing with age but also throughout the day. Around 98 percent of the testosterone in the blood is bound to certain proteins such as albumin or sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG). Only about 2 percent is in the free form.

Daily testosterone production in men is around 7 mg and in women around 0.7 mg. The normal values ​​for total testosterone are between 0.5-2.0 nmol/l (0.15-0.6 ng/ml) in adult women and between 12-40 nmol/l (3.5-11.5 ng/ml) in men /mL) .

Testosterone deficiency in men – values

One speaks of a testosterone deficiency in men when the measured total testosterone is below 12.1 nmol/L and the free testosterone is below 243 pmol/L.

Test all important parameters in the saliva from the comfort of your own home :

Hormonprofil Mann Plus. 1x Testosteron, 1x DHEA, 1x Östradiol,1x Progesteron, 1x Cortisol. Values ​​should be taken between 8-10 a.m.

Advantage of the saliva test: While the hormones bound to transport globulins and thus ineffective hormones are also measured in the blood, only the free and effective hormones are present in the saliva.

Read also: Steroid: Athletes Health & Hygiene

Testosterone Deficiency: Causes

A lack of testosterone in men occurs as a result of a hypofunction of the testicles. This can have different causes. Rare genetic defects, such as Klinefelter’s syndrome, a testicular tumor, or congenital developmental disorders, such as Kallmann’s syndrome, can lead to reduced testosterone formation in the testicles.

However, acquired diseases such as severe inflammation of the testicles or severe forms of varicose veins in the testicles can also have a lasting impact on testosterone production. In most cases, however, a testosterone deficiency in men occurs as a result of increasing age. This is also referred to as age-related hypogonadism.

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The Right Care After Microblading

Microblading

 

A high-quality accessory such as microblading should of course look well maintained and beautiful for as long as possible. And here the aftercare plays a decisive role. Because with incorrect aftercare, the microblading can almost completely “fall out” of the skin. And we pigments are then asked holes in the abdomen, which is why there is nothing left to see of the fresh pigmentation. Although we cannot stand next to the customer to check and see how carefully he proceeds with his microblading like how it is done at Forever Studios (visit https://www.foreverstudios.co.uk/microblading/ to learn more), it is worthwhile to give him a flyer with care instructions on the way, in which everything is listed again, what needs to be considered.

 

On the first day, when the pigmentation is still fresh, is a regular careful washing with lukewarm water. It is best to take a moistened cotton pad and rub carefully in the direction of growth. Then we recommend anointing with vitamin E cream. In the days after that, 2x daily ointment (morning / evening) is enough. We advise against other care ointments such as Bepanthen or Vaseline. These either cause too much macrophage formation or clog the pores.

 

 

ALSO READ: 5 Tips for Better Oral Health

 

 

When applying vitamin E cream, two aspects are important: Only a very thin layer of cream should be applied (the skin must still be able to breathe), and please do not do this with your finger, but with a cotton swab, because the fresh microblading, even if it does not seem like it, is a fresh wound into which no bacteria should penetrate. The ointment ensures that the scab is soft and that the wound is protected from contamination.

 

Despite itching, scratching is of course strictly prohibited. Furthermore, microblading should not be exposed to the sun for the first ten days in order not to fade. Sweaty sports and sauna also flush out the paint in the worst case. After about 5-8 days, the wound healing phase is completed. A final color result is determined after about 3 weeks or after the first cuticle layer change.

 

In general, the fresh microblading should be kept clean. This customer education can be summarized with the 6-S rule: No sun, no solarium, no sauna, no swimming, no make-up, no sweating.

 

If these rules are observed, chances are good that the pigmentation will be cleary visible even after the three-week healing phase. For a rich color result, however, we recommend reworking in most cases.

 

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Why Stretching Benefits People with Active Lifestyles

Anyone who exercises regularly knows stretching is an important pre and post preparatory step of flexing one’s muscles and joints to sustain a range of actions. As a before and after limbering up habit in starting and ending your day, stretching helps pump blood in critical areas. At the same time, it prevents the muscle from tightening, especially if not in regular use for strenuous activities. However, not a few holds the misconception that stretching is a one-program fits all types of people.

A stretching regimen to be truly safe and effective must be taken in consultation with a physical therapist or fitness expert. As certified health experts, they assess your muscle strength to ensure your stretching regiment fits your body and its needs. Proper consultations are important before starting a stretching regimen, especially for those with chronic conditions, like arthritis or some kind of muscular dystrophy.

Calling on weak muscles to perform a physical activity puts you at risk of experiencing joint pains and muscle strains. At worst, it can lead to serious muscle damage if the muscles are not flexible enough to perform a range of preparatory or after-workout actions.

Physical Therapy Expert Explains the Importance of Proper Stretching

David Nolan, a Clinical Specialist Physical Therapest at the Massachusetts General Hospital said that many have this misconception that with stretching, you have to extend or straighten out every muscle you have. Nolan says that the critical locations for mobility are in the lower extremities such as your hamstrings, the hip flexors in your pelvis, the frontal quadriceps in your thighs and the calves. It’s also beneficial to include the neck, shoulders and lower back in the stretching regimen.

Nolan explained that regular stretching helps keep lean muscles long and flexible in such a way that constant exertion will not put too much pressure on the muscle itself. He also mentioned that persons with healthy muscles do not have balance problems.

That is why even if you’re not into regularly performing rigorous exercises or workouts but living a physically active life, aim to engage in a program of stretches; if not daily, at least for 3 or 4 times a week. While it took time before you decided to do some exercises, your muscles are still too tight to immediately achieve flexibility in just one or 2 sessions of stretching. Nolan said it takes week or even months before your not-so active muscles can gain flexibility, which makes stretching regularly an important step to your exercise program.

Are Standalone Stretching Programs Effective and Worth the Cost?

Allys Bar, the website that aims to provide answers about emerging diet pills and fitness regimen took time to review the Hyperbolic Stretching program being sold in ebook format. Aside from helping individuals enhance their overall flexibility, its author Alex Larsson, says the 60-day program can also help in slimming down waistlines.

What we learned from the Hyperbolic stretching review is that the Allys Bar reviewer found the 8-minute daily stretching program easy to fit in, even in a busy schedule. As far as flexibility results are concerned, the review recommends it for those who have always wanted to do a full split in just a few months of constant practice.

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5 Tips for Better Oral Health

A man brushing his teeth in front of the mirror

 

A bright white smile with healthy teeth is considered an ideal of beauty. To maintain this in the long term, however, careful and regular oral hygiene is required. It helps prevent diseases such as tooth decay and periodontitis and leaves a fresh mouthfeel.

But brushing your teeth alone is not enough. According to Dentist Phoenix, these five tips on the subject of oral hygiene show which measures optimally complement daily dental care and ensure healthy teeth in the long term.

1. Proper brushing creates the basis for healthy teeth

Tooth cleaning with a toothbrush forms the basis for good oral hygiene. The bristles remove coarse plaque and food residues and thus remove the breeding ground for harmful bacteria. For an optimal result, adults and children should reach for the brush for two to three minutes at least twice a day. Ideal times are in the morning after breakfast and in the evening before bedtime. After sweet or sour drinks and snacks, we recommend brushing your teeth in between and not waiting until the evening.

How clean the teeth are after brushing, however, depends not only on the frequency and duration of cleaning but also on the toothbrushing technique. “Scrubbing” hardly removes any coverings; it harms teeth and gums more than it helps. The following techniques have proven themselves when using a manual toothbrush:

  • Stillmann: The brush “sweeps” from the gums towards the tooth (from red to white).
  • Bass: The brush is slightly angled towards the gums and makes circular and shaking movements.

2. Dental floss and interdental brushes enter the interdental spaces

Most toothbrushes find it difficult to get into the narrow interdental spaces. But it is precisely here that food residues accumulate, in which bacteria multiply and lead to serious diseases of teeth and gums. To eliminate these residues, we recommend the use of dental floss after brushing. Whether with aroma or waxed is a question of taste and secondary for oral hygiene.

Regular and correct application is important: For this purpose, a piece of dental floss about five centimeters long is separated and wrapped with one side around the middle finger. On tension, it is now inserted into the interdental space and moved slightly from bottom to top, which transports the food residues outside. Tip: For good cleaning, the diameter of the dental floss or interdental brush should match the interdental spaces.

 

ALSO READ: Your Hearing And Ear Health: Do You Hear A Ringing Sound In Your Ear?

 

3. Tongue scrapers and brushes remove stubborn coatings

Cleaning the tongue is often neglected. And this is even though bacteria and germs remain on their surface, which can lead to bad breath, caries, and periodontitis. However, these are mainly located on the posterior third of the tongue and are therefore difficult to reach. A tongue brush or tongue scraper can help remove these plaques. Cleaning follows brushing and cleaning the gaps with dental floss:

  1. Dip the tongue scraper in mouthwash or brush with a little toothpaste.
  2. With the scraper under gentle pressure from back to front stroke over the tongue.
  3. Repeat the process until the entire tongue coating is loosened.
  4. Rinse your mouth with water or mouthwash.

4. Chewing gum helps neutralize harmful acids

After eating or drinking, acids form in the mouth, which attacks the tooth enamel and deprives it of important minerals. Chewing a sugar-free chewing gum stimulates the production of alkaline (basic) saliva. It helps to neutralize these aggressive acids and rinse them away. In this way, the lost minerals are returned to the tooth, which reduces the risk of developing tooth damage.

For the desired effect to occur, the chewing gum must be chewed for at least 15 to 20 minutes. While this is not a substitute for brushing your teeth, it is a good way to bridge situations where there is no toothbrush at hand.

5. Mouthwash kills bacteria and germs

Mouthwash alone does not prevent caries or periodontitis. However, it is still a useful addition to brushing your teeth and can therefore be integrated into the daily oral hygiene ritual. Numerous rinses are available in a wide variety of flavors.

The mode of action is the same for all products: the antibacterial solution rinses the teeth and also reaches the hard-to-reach interdental spaces, where it kills bacteria and germs. The other components of the mouthwash solutions ensure a fresh mouthfeel and a pleasant breath.

Too often, however, the mouthwashes should not be used, as they often contain alcohol in high concentrations (about 30 percent). However, some alternatives abstain from alcohol and are enriched with fluoride. The killing effect on bacteria and germs is identical.

In addition: Twice a year for professional tooth cleaning (PZR)

Those who take all these tips into account significantly reduce their risk of dental disease. But even despite motivated oral hygiene, it is not always possible to reach all areas in the mouth or to remove particularly stubborn deposits. Twice a year, professional tooth cleaning in the dental practice is also recommended.

A prophylaxis specialist uses special instruments to remove existing dental plaque and eliminate bacteria responsible for caries or periodontitis. Many supplementary dental insurance policies cover the costs proportionately or completely.

 

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Your Hearing And Ear Health: Do You Hear A Ringing Sound In Your Ear?

Our sense of hearing is the most social sensory faculty. With the ability to perceive sounds and process the message (thanks to our brain), we are able to give our natural spontaneous response or reaction to what is heard. For instance, when conversing, one has to listen so as to give a reply.  We enjoy music because we are able to hear all the musical elements put into the music. We feel relaxed when listening to the nature’s sounds.

Aside from the instances given above, we can benefit from our sense of hearing in different ways. Our capacity to hear and listen molds and transforms the manner on how we interact and relate with the world. With every way our sense of hearing can impact our day-to-day living as well as our overall health and wellbeing, it is vital that we take measures to safeguard our ear health and hearing. If we care less about our sense of hearing and disregard the health of our ears, we can cause damage to it and lose our hearing. Once we lose our ability to hear, we lose it for good.

What Is That Ringing Sound In My Ear – Tinnitusandyou.Com/10-Signs-That-Your-Tinnitus-Is-Going-Away

Constant exposure to loud sounds or noise, earwax buildup, ear infections, extreme trauma or stress, or a bump to the head can result in tinnitus. Tinnitus is the term used to depict sound heard in the ear. Many refer to it as “ringing inside the ear” because the noise heard is described as a ringing sound. However, others may also hear a buzzing, hissing, or whistling sound.

One detail about tinnitus that makes it bizarre is that the sound does not stem from any source in the outside environment and other people don’t hear what you hear. Because of this, tinnitus sounds are at times called phantom sounds. However, many doctors believe that the ringing sound is because of a disconnection or discord between the ear receiving sounds and the brain processing it. But, they still have to prove this and understand why it happens.

Tinnitus is more prevalent in older adults and can differ from person to person. Some hear endless ringing, while others are erratic. Some are soft, others are loud. Some cases of tinnitus are temporary, which means it can disappear over time. Unfortunately, for permanent tinnitus, you’ll never hear the end of it. To find out if your tinnitus is disappearing, visit https://tinnitusandyou.com/10-signs-that-your-tinnitus-is-going-away/. Know the signs and know if treatment is necessary to stop or manage your tinnitus.

Depending on its severity, tinnitus can intervene with hearing as it obstructs external sounds, making it difficult for you to listen clearly to what people are saying or what sounds you are hearing in your surroundings. In serious cases, tinnitus can impair focus and concentration, cause frustration, anxiety, stress, and even depression. Basically, it affects one’s everyday living and scales down quality of life.

Tinnitus may be treated, provided that your doctor is able to accurately pinpoint its cause. This is because tinnitus is not a diagnosis; it is not a condition or an illness. It is instead a symptom, an indicator or a sign that there is an underlying condition or problem talk into your tinnitus. So, to treat tinnitus, you have to address the underlying problem. While an underlying problem can cause tinnitus, there are other factors that raise the risk of tinnitus. This includes:

  • Constant exposure to loud sounds or noise
  • Accumulation of excess earwax
  • Ear infections
  • Extreme trauma or stress
  • Bump or injury to the head, neck, or ear
  • Hearing loss due to age
  • Certain medications

Protecting Your Hearing and Maintaining Ear Health

Many times, we undervalue our ears and think too little of our ear health. Perhaps the only time we check up on our ears is when something is wrong with our hearing. Our sense of hearing plays a vital role in numerous facets of our lives. So, it is essential that we maintain its cleanliness and health. Taking care of our ears isn’t a grueling task. In fact, there are simple ways to maintain ear health and safeguard our hearing.

  • Don’t poke or dig around the inside of your ears.
  • Wash the visible areas of your ear using soap and water to keep it clean. Cotton swabs are not recommended since you can push earwax further inside your ear, blocking and damaging your eardrums.
  • Keep ears dry
  • Tone down the sounds when using headphones or earphones.
  • Stay away from prolonged exposure to loud noises. Wear earplugs if unavoidable and possible.
  • Have them checked regularly.
  • Ease and manage stress. Extreme stress can result in tinnitus.
  • When taking medications, use as directed.
  • Know the indicators of hearing damage
  • Maintain good physical health.

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Best Tips for Proper Men’s Hygiene

Many men are not as concerned with their cleanliness as they should be.

It should be highlighted that excellent health is linked to proper general cleanliness, particularly intimate hygiene. Every day, men must set aside opportunities to know about their bodies, groom them, and keep them clean.

Hygiene Tips for Men

The foul scent, itching, excessive sweating, rashes, acne, and other indications of poor intimate hygiene are common. As a result, here are some health best practices personal hygiene recommendations for men:

1-Regular Grooming

Grooming regularly is an important element of men’s hygiene. Because perspiration can lead to the accumulation of microorganisms, intimate areas must be manicured.

2-Use Moisturizing Products

To reduce the aftereffects, you might shave using a mild body lotion. To avoid rough skin, dryness, and irritation, be sure to moisturize the region.

3-Consider Subtle Intimate Wash

The intimate area is extremely fragile and susceptible to infection. Consider using a gentle men’s intimate wash that was created with the skin’s natural pH in mind. They have no negative effects on the region and help to establish a balance by eliminating dirt and sweat. Moderate varieties can be used daily.

4-Wear Good Underwear

Choose the appropriate fabric. Cotton is preferable to synthetics. Your private area will stay dry and cool thanks to a lightweight fabric.

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Steroid: Athletes Health & Hygiene

Sport and nutrition go hand in hand for a lot of people. Dietary supplements are often used in weight training. There is a lot of advertising with special preparations. In principle, every healthy athlete can cover their need for macro and micronutrients. Athletes can do this with a healthy, wholesome and balanced diet aside from CanadaPeds Steroids.

CanadaPeds Steroids: Nutrition tips for endurance sports

Endurance athletes need an increased energy supply over a longer period of time. For optimal energy supply, it is therefore important that the carbohydrate stores are completely replenished beforehand. A carbohydrate-rich diet is recommended here. Pasta with tomato sauce, bread with cheese, but also muesli with fruit and vegetable wraps are examples of the basis of a carbohydrate-rich, balanced diet.

After about 90 minutes, the carbohydrate stores are used up. You can provide new energy with the help of carbohydrate-rich liquid or food during the session, which can be used quickly and could optimize performance. Isotonic drinks, fruit or dextrose are often used for this purpose.

Hydration is also an important factor, especially during prolonged activities.

Proper nutrition for weight training

For strength athletes, the main focus is on protein intake. The goal of a strength athlete is usually hypertrophy, i.e. muscle building. Amino acids, i.e. the composition of the proteins, are necessary for this. After training, you should optimally replenish your energy and nutrient stores after 30 minutes to 120 minutes at the latest to give your body a basis for muscle building.CanadaPeds Steroids

In fact, protein intake isn’t just about quantity, it’s also about quality. The muscle cannot use more than 20 to 25 g of high-quality protein directly and the body would convert the rest into fat reserves for later. Therefore, you should consume protein throughout the day in order to be able to use it optimally for muscle building.

In addition to proteins, carbohydrates are also important for strength athletes in order to replenish their glycogen stores. A cup of quark or yoghurt with oatmeal, fruit and nuts, a bread with egg or a chicken stir-fry with rice are suggestions for fast and optimal energy supply after training. Vegans can often cover their protein requirements with legumes and soy products.

Sports nutrition is not only interesting for high-performance athletes but can also be an important factor for recreational athletes to achieve health and physical goals. A balanced, wholesome diet, personal hygiene and enough fluids are optimal for performance.

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Ways to Clean Your Environment: Eliminate Harmful Chemicals from Your Home

You might be thinking of switching to a healthier life and fitter body by using PGAnabolics Canada. However, the clutter in your home prevents you from doing so. Whether you’re just beginning your quest for healthier living or you’ve been looking to clean up your routines, you’re likely already taking steps to reduce the amount of harmful chemicals in your home.

There are many ways to clean your environment, no matter your level of awareness or commitment. From easy and affordable ways to remove harmful chemicals from your home to the tips and tricks of the greenest professionals, read on to learn more about the best ways to clean your environment.

Remove Excess Cleaners

When you’re cleaning your house, it’s kind of natural to want to get every last bit of sticky residue and grimy particles off the surfaces. You might even go so far as to use harsh chemicals to clean your house, like bleach and ammonia, only to find they’re eventually breaking down and causing harm over time.

Environmental toxins can accumulate in your home even when you aren’t making sweeping changes, due to the presence of excess cleaners in furniture, food, and other common household items. Excess cleaners can include items you haven’t used in a while, like a bottle of mold-killing cleaner that’s been sitting in your living room for months, or an over-abundance of pesticides in fruits and vegetables that has accumulated in your refrigerator and produce drawers.

Switch to All-Natural Cleaning Products

When it comes to cleaning products, the best option is natural. Shopping for cleaning supplies is the gateway to the chemicals that are wreaking havoc on your body, so if you want to clean your house in a healthy way, you first need to shop with a clean conscience.

Keep an eye out for cleaning supplies that don’t contain bleach and ammonia, as these are dangerous chemicals that can break down in your home over time and cause harm.

The best thing about natural cleaning products is that, if you are on a budget, they are often less expensive than their chemical-based counterparts, too, so they’re a great budget-friendly option. Natural cleaners are often effective at cleaning, and they’re also better at preserving your home’s natural scent.

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